When it comes to growing cannabis, it can be confusing and challenging if you don’t know what to expect. Understanding the different stages in the metamorphosis of cannabis can help early planning get the most yields out of your cannabis plants. Below is a rundown of the various steps in the lifecycle of cannabis.
The different types of cannabis seeds from Homegrown Cannabis Company have characteristics that are unique to each one of them, with the main classes being Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. A cannabis seed comes from a male and female inheriting both genes. Cannabis relies on sexual reproduction for the production and spreading of seeds. As long as the seeds remain in a cool dark place, they are viable for extended periods of 16months as long as the temperatures are stable. The seeds sprout on exposure to moisture and light, or else they grow too old and die-the reason you can keep the seeds for way too long. They are hardy and will remain dormant until you expose them to growth conditions.
Like any other seeds, to germinate weed seeds, you only have to expose them to moisture and light. The exposure triggers the dormant hormones in the seed and starts the growing process. A single root germinates down in search of water and nutrients while a green stalk shoots upwards, whereby you will see two initial cotyledon leaves appearing. When its sprouts, the cannabis seed has two meristems-the roots and the shoot meristem. The root meristem becomes the taproot, while the shoot meristem becomes the stem. The meristem is vital because it is where most of the plant growth takes place. When inducing sprouting in your cannabis seeds, be careful not to overwater them, causing rot or molds.
The seedling stage involves the plant’s root system’s growth and sprouting of the leaves from the plant’s top. Seedling is the first proper growth cycle, with new leaves growing bigger and bigger until it triggers the flowering buds. A seedling comes to be from 3-7days after growing with leaves with the same features as a mature cannabis plant. The plant can remain a seedling for 3-6weeks depending on the environment and the gene type you are growing. You should pay more attention to these early stages of cannabis growth, mainly when the seedling develops foliage and a stable root system. Use very little organic fertilizer during this stage if you have to. Maintain a temperature of 77degrees Fahrenheit, proper humidity, and plenty of light.
The vegetative stage is where the cannabis now grows into the leaves you have in mind. Here, it produces more foliage because it can absorb more nutrients and carbon dioxide. The plant grows taller about 2inches a day, and the roots continue stabilizing. The duration of this vegetation stage depends on the light exposure. If the plant is outdoors, it relies on the amount of natural light it is receiving. If it is indoors, you can keep your cannabis in the vegetative stage as long as possible but usually no more than two months. During the vegetative stage, the leaves and stalks grow, developing into a robust structure that can support heavy buds. You can use nitrogen-rich fertilizer and constant light for at least 12 hours and more hours a day. Maintain 70-77degrees temperature and humidity levels of 50-70%.
The flowering stage is crucial for the grower-this is when the plant becomes sexually mature and begins to spread its genes. It starts after a period of reduced light exposure. The flowering stage occurs in both males and female cannabis plants, but males tend to mature faster than female plants. During this stage, the plant also starts to produce sticky resins on the leaves’ external parts, mostly on the buds, which are the plant’s reproductive parts. The resin contains THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), an essential compound for medicinal and recreational use (the high effect). THC amounts in your plant depending on how long it lasts in the flowering stage and its strain. It also depends on if the plant has been pollinated or fertilized.
Most growers will be eager to harvest their cannabis plant during this time, although it is not mature yet. The flowering stage duration depends on the control you have over your growing environment and the plant’s strain. Most quality strains will go for 6-10weeks or more if they are under the right conditions. During the flowering stage, maintain temperatures of 68-77degrees Fahrenheit, humidity levels of 50-70%, and light should be 12hours per day. You can also add organic nitrogen fertilizer for the best results. When you start to notice developing buds, know that the cannabis is blooming and will stop growing. The plant will invest all its nutrients into the buds’ development, which will grow in thickness and density. The buds will grow thicker and denser with resins that you can smell. Some pistils start turning brown. Around 10days before maturation, stop fertilizing since the buds will now be glimmering, smelly, and ready.
Suppose the pistils have white buds that are slowly turning brownish red its time to harvest your weed. At this point, the large leaves will begin turning in yellow in significant numbers, the buds will expand and increase in weight, and the growth of calyces will slow down. The timing for harvesting determines how your cannabis will taste, smell, its effects, and strength.
Drying the buds
Drying of the buds is just as important as all the other stages. To dry your cannabis buds sufficiently, hang them in a dry, dark place for about ten days before the curing process. During the curing process, open the container from time to time to release humidity from the container to prevent the growth of molds or mildew. Ensure you keep the humidity in reasonable amounts when the buds dry to keep them from drying excessively—drying too many results in dusty buds.
The different stages of growing weed can be classified into cannabis seeds, germinating, seedlings, vegetative, flowering, harvesting, and drying. Armed with that knowledge, you know what to expect, what preventive measures to take, and when so that you can produce quality weed.