We all send our children to ain our locality to build their base, before sending them to an actual school. The word Montessori comes from an educator, Maria Montessori, who also happened to be the first lady physician in Italy. In her lifetime, she studies the psychology of various child, and came around with the idea of a Montessori, where children will be able to learn about their surroundings, given an environment. Thus, started the culture of Montessori.
Maria Montessori believed that before the children should go to school, they should at least be willing to learn. Therefore, she invented new techniques of learning in a way that the world has not seen before. She believed that children perceive their world through their eyes, and once they are engaged with something, which would at the same time help them learn about the worldly matters, they would turn onto fast learners. This way of schooling was first introduced in Italy, and slowly it spread to other countries too.
Maria also did some work with disabled children. She invented several techniques of learning, where the children, if they have lost any sense due to a disease or an accident, he/she can learn the worldly matters by using the other senses. Like, for children who can’t see, she devised a technique known as the sand paper alphabet, where the shapes of alphabets are made by sands, and hence, the child can touch it and feel the shape of the alphabet, and hence know about it.
In this article, let us see some of the unique methods, by which Maria Montessori changed the paradigm of learning for the little ones.
Most of us used to hate mathematics, back when we were kids. Maria had this idea that, if a child is being taught something, which he/she is relating to himself/herself, then that will remain with him/her for lifetime. So, she introduced a completely new way of teaching mathematics to children. She did not just show them the numbers, but she also tried to teach them about the quantity. Therefore, the number 1 would be associated with a bead or one quantity of something, maybe a chocolate even. In the same way, the other numbers would be introduced to the children.
Not only for introducing the numbers, relating quantities to the numbers even helped the children in computing addition and subtraction. Owing to the fact that this system got widespread popular, Abacus, a Japanese system of fast mathematics also adopted this technique.
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Language is typically important for every human being to communicate, and as they say, Human Beings are social animals, and hence, it is important that we communicate. In the Montessori way of teaching, writing comes first, and then reading it out. Maria believed that, when a child writes something, he/she tends to remember it more than just reading it out. Therefore, she brought in metal insets shaped in the form of letters, and children used to write with those metal insets, which made them understand what each letter of the English system stand for.
Besides this, there are many practical life activities like solving real life puzzles, cleaning the floor and pouring water in a glass, which is included in the Montessori way of teaching which is good for the allover growth of a child.
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